Unjustifiable Means of Modernizing Russia Essay

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Unjustifiable Means of Modernizing Russia
Joseph Stalin was a dictator who single handedly revamped Russia, turning it from a backward country to a superpower at the cost of millions of lives. While his collectivization policy and Five-Year Plan and were effective in increasing the productivity and political power of Soviet Russia, less draconian, less Machiavellian, measures could have been implemented to ensure a similar, if not identical economical result.
Stalin viewed the kulaks as an obstacle, an unnecessary, even detrimental, class, toward modernization. In an account published in The Land of Soviets, they were depicted as saboteurs of socialism, arsonists, and murderers (7). However, since this document was allowed to be
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Thus, no matter how much cereal a collective farmer produced, he could never fully fill his family’s stomach. Collectivization progressed in such a way that according to Adrian Karatnycky of The Wall Street Journal, about 4.5-7 million Ukrainian farmers starved to death (6). Since this article was published well after the collectivization policy outside of the USSR, it is likely an accurate depiction of the effects of collectivization. Such deaths were largely unnecessary. If Stalin had accepted foreign assistance, which would come from countries like Britain in hopes of luring Russia into being capitalistic, the money could have been used to fund the industrialization and improvements in agriculture.
This apparent failure of collectivization could be justified by the fact that Stalin focused mainly on modernizing Russia’s industry (1). Indeed, Russia made huge strides between the year 1927 and 1938, with the production of coal and steel exceeding the target for 1933 under the Five-Year Plan (2, 3) However; it was only the industrial sector that saw progress. It might have been helpful id we had a graph of the rate of other productions to see how well the Five-Year Plan worked for all the industries. Agricultural productions during the two Five-Year Plans were largely erratic. The number of livestock plummeted due to the resistance to collectivization, and the production of wheat shifted sporadically (5). In another

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