Essay about Turkey: The Rise of Akp Party and the Islam
The last October the Turkey's prime minister Erdogan announced key political reforms which including lifting a ban on Islamic headscarves. The moves come as critics accuse Erdogan of Islamising the secular country. The headscarf controversy is the emblem of a long-standing rivalry in Turkish society between religious conservatives, who form the bulk of Erdogan's Islamic-rooted Justice and Development Party (AKP), and secular opponents. These indeed see the headscarf as a symbol of defiance against the strict separation of state and religion, a basic tenet of modern Turkey. On the other side the AKP while not supporting a process of Islamisation imposed from above like the previous Islamist …show more content…
To understand the feelings of hate and love surrounding the figure of Erdogan it is good to start from his biography. Recep Tayyip Erdogan was born in Istanbul in 1954. He attended the high school ''Imam Hatip Lisesi'', the traditional school for the formation of the imam, the only institution which today still provide an religious education in the country-lately he got a degree in economic science.
He began his political career in high school and then join the party of Erbakan. When the latter was reorganized in 1980 under the name of Refah Partisi, Erdogan began the rise in the local government and in the party and soon became head of the section of Istanbul and a member of the Governing Council. Erdogan's party in Istanbul developed a powerful organizational machine. For each urn (14 000 in Istanbul alone), there was a group of 5 activists who dealt with the electoral campaign and the relationships with the registered voters at the polling station. Erdogan was able to set up a large organization of activists animated by the desire to bring a Hizmet (service to the religion and the community), which no association or party was never able to build in Turkey. Erdogan was elected parliamentarian in 1991, then mayor of the great city of Istanbul in 1994 with a high percentage of votes. He began the construction of numerous infrastructure, greatly improving the lives of citizens, and by further increasing its popularity.1