Therapist’s Self-Disclosure in Therapeutic Relationships Essay examples

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Regardless of the therapeutic approach utilised, an indispensible and communal component of most therapeutic approaches is the therapeutic relationship (Sparks, Duncan, & Miller, 2008). Norcross and Hill (2002) defined therapeutic relationship as the cooperative alliance between a therapist and the client. It is found to be influential in the success of a therapy (Lambert & Bergin, 1994). Hence, researchers began to investigate therapeutic relationship.
Therapist’s self-disclosure (TSD) is one of the various factors investigated by researchers in terms of its influence on the therapeutic relationship (Audet & Everall, 2010). TSD refers to the declarations of personal information by the therapist to the client (Norcross & Hill, 2002). Freud
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Finally, this paper will conclude on the validity of Knox and Hill’s (2003) view and guidelines to the enhancement of therapeutic relationship.
Knox and Hill (2003) viewed TSD as beneficial to the therapeutic relationship. However, it should be used occasionally and the attention has to return to the client after the self-disclosure by the therapist. Its content and level of intimacy has to be purposeful and suitable to the client’s wants and needs. Client’s feedbacks to the therapist’s self-disclosure have to be considered and worked upon. Lastly, therapists should avoid disclosing about their unresolved issues to the clients.
Knox and Hill (2003) stated that the TSD is beneficial to the therapeutic relationship. Jourard (1971) found that TSD facilitated the bond-building process and enhanced the therapeutic relationships between the therapists and the clients. It also encouraged open conversations and better understanding between the therapists and client. Hence, the therapeutic relationship got enhanced. In addition, clients also liked therapists who disclose in comparison to therapists who do not disclose (Myers & Hayes, 2006). In support, Wells (1994) found that therapists who disclose were more positively perceived by the clients in comparison to those who do not. Therapist’s self-disclosure was also found to balance the power differences between the therapists

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