The Symptoms of Crohn’s Disease Essay

1995 Words 8 Pages
Crohn’s Disease is a chronic inflammatory condition of the gastrointestinal tract. It is one of two disease under the category “IBD”, or Irritable Bowel Disease, the other being Ulcerative Colitis. Crohn’s is named after Dr. Burrill B. Crohn, who, along with Dr. Leon Ginzburg and Dr. Gordon D. Oppenheimer, described the disease back in 1932. Crohn’s commonly affects the ileum and the beginning of the colon, but it can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract, from the mouth to the anus. Crohn’s can affect the entire bowel wall, while it can also “skip” over patches of the diseased intestine, leaving some unaffected parts of the area. In a healthy gastrointestinal tract, there are many harmless bacteria, which aid in digestion. The …show more content…
The average lifespan of a healthy adult is 16 for men, and 81 for women.
The cause of Crohn’s Disease is not well understood. Research shows that diet and stress contribute, as well as genetics and environmental factors. Some scientists believe that Crohn’s is triggered by a combination of all of these factors, resulting in a unique gene. Something will stimulate that gene, such as a bacteria, causing your body to overreact.
The symptoms of Crohn’s Disease vary from mild to severe. They can develop gradually or come on suddenly. Crohn’s patients can go through periods of remission, where the disease is inactive. When the disease is active, there are symptoms such as diarrhea, abdominal pain and cramping, bloody stool, ulcers, reduced appetite, weight loss, fever, fatigue, arthritis, eye inflammation, mouth sores, skin disorders, inflammation of the liver or bile ducts, and delayed growth/puberty in children. Crohn’s can lead to bowel obstruction, ulcers, fistulas, anal fissure, malnutrition, colon cancer, and health problems in general.
In order to diagnose Crohn’s disease, a patient goes through a combination of exams, lab tests, and imaging studies. The doctor first looks to rule out any other conditions with similar symptoms. He would also like to determine exactly which part of the digestive tract is affected. To begin, the doctor would gather a health history, and family medical history of the patients. As Crohn’s is thought to be a genetic disorder,

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