The sports shoe industry in China Essay examples

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The sports shoe industry in China

A sweatshop is a workplace where workers are subject to extreme exploitation, including the absence of a living wage or benefits, poor working conditions, such as health and safety hazards , and arbitrary discipline, such as physical and psychological abuse.

Brief History: There have probably been sweatshops since one man first began working for another. Although sweatshops certainly existed before, the term "sweatshop" itself did not appear in common usage until the 1890s. Since the dawning of the Industrial Revolution, employers began to look for cheap labor in order to fill the needs of the expanding industries. Sweatshop production came out of hibernation in the late 1960s from U.S. A
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Aside from long working hours, the work is also very stressful. Most of these factories have the quota system. Quotas are set very high and are difficult to meet, but workers have to fulfill it before leaving production lines, so some workers have to work overtime without pay.
Moreover, the quota is set to a higher level whenever they reach it [a
Nike slogan is `There is no finishing line']. Abuse and fines are common here. While working, the workers are not allowed to talk to their co-workers, and if they disobey this rule, they are warned and then fined. Most of the workers have been yelled at by their supervisors. Workers don¡¯t have contract with employers, so there is no job security. Ironically, few of them know about that. There are some ridiculous examples of dismissals without cause, such as workers fired for being "too old" (i.e. over 25) or for becoming pregnant.

Pay: The legal minimum wage in Gungdong Province is $1.93 (15Rmb) per hour, The legal minimum for overtime pay is $0.36 (3Rmb) an hour.
However, workers in these factories are given $0.96-$1.45 (8-12 Rmb) per hour; workers make $0.19-$0.33 (1.5-2.5Rmb) per hour of overtime, both of these rates are below the legal pay.

Living: most of these factories provide food and housing, but workers must pay for them. There are generally 6-10 people living in a room and they share only one bath. Air condition is poor and has caused many dizzies.

Safety: The working conditions

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