In the last several years, California has been experiencing a very serious drought, of which is said to be the worst drought since record keeping has begun. This drought has sparked a lot of conflict between different groups in need of water and now politics are trying to organize where all the water should go. The water that California gets each year is split up into between three main areas: human needs, agriculture, and supporting the environment. The environment usually gets the least amount of water out of three because the main concern is supporting human right to water and providing food for people. These last years, the horrible lack of rainfall and snowpack have changed the way that water is valued drastically because of the
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Many environmentalist groups oppose the idea of desalination. This is because they think that desalination will have negative effects in the long run. Some of the concerns that these environmentalist groups hold are the destruction of ecosystems and mass killing of organisms caused by the plant’s intake pipes, how the energy of the plant would be generated, and how the brine possibly being put back into the ocean would cause negative effects. On an environmentalist website, Greenopedia, Katie Francis is the author of an article which discusses desalination and the issue of mixing brine with sea water, “In addition to the machines themselves, another serious environmental concern is the quality of the water put back into the ocean after the drinkable water is collected. This outflow is called brine because of its extremely high salt content (all of the non-salty water has been removed). Not only does brine have more salt than natural seawater, it also commonly contains leftover chemicals and metals from the treatment process” (Francis).
The chemicals and metals that are supposedly left over in the brine for the desalination process are chlorine, acid, products used for machinery upkeep, and heavy metals. The negative effect chlorine is said to have on the seawater is that it interact with preexisting chemicals and would form carcinogens and mutagens. The acid would damage the tissue of organisms around it. The problems that would occur from