Cause And Significance Of The Battle Of Atlantic

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The Battle of Atlantic was the longest and largest sea battle during World War II . World War II began on September 3rd 1939, two days after German forces stormed into Poland. The Battle of the Atlantic began shortly after the declaration of War, but there is no official date of commencement. The Battle did not end until the defeat of Germany in May of 1945. The Battle was between the Allied powers, Great Britain, Canada and the United States, and the Axis powers, Germany and Italy. Both forces were looking to take control over the Atlantic, as this would give the winning force control over the sea routes. The Allies wanted to keep these routes open to allow supplies and reinforcements to reach the frontlines and the Axis wanted to shut down …show more content…
Canada’s primary concern was to keep the sea routes open, and this is where Canada put most of their troops . Canada was capable of playing such a vital role in the outcome of the Battle, as they were able to become one of the biggest Navies in the world. Not only did their increase in fleet size have an impact on the outcome but also so did the advancement in weaponry, the naval tactics used, Canada’s Merchant Navy and the increase in aircraft technology. By expanding the size of its fleet and by many Canadians joining the Navy, the RCN was able to keep the supply lines open with the help from the merchant navy. The RCN was capable of joining sea battles by creating new naval tactics and enhancing both their weapons and aircraft technology, which was a primary cause for the overall victory for the Allied forces in the Battle of the …show more content…
The sonars being used at the beginning of World War II consisted of the “Type 123A” and “123D”. These were reliable but were limited on how far and accurate it could pinpoint a German U-boat. The main flaw for theses sonars was that when a corvette class would be attacking a German U-boat, it would lose sonar contact with the enemy as it passed over them to drop the depth charge. This led to several misses before any damage was made. In 1943, the sonar “Type 144” and “Type 144Q” were put into service. These two sonar systems were known as surface ASW active search and attack sonar systems. This means that they were integrated with the “Hedgehog” bomb that was created around the same time. It was an improved sonar system form the “Type 123A”, by improved; it blew the first sonar system out of the water. Without the improvements in sonar systems, the Navy would have continued to have trouble destroying the U-boats and would not have been able to protect and defend the merchant navy supplying the allied forces

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