The Role of the Algerian War of Independence on the Fall of the French Fourth Republic

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A. Plan of Investigation 
 The plan is to investigate the role the Algerian War of Independence had on the fall of the French Fourth Republic in 1958. I will focus first on the effects of World War II, the Three Parties Alliance, and decolonization on the fourth republic. Then, I will look at the discontent caused in the government by the Algerian War, the National Liberation Front (FLN), and the French army. Finally, I will look at the May Crisis of 1958 and the roles of Jacques Massu, Jacques Soustelle, and Charles de Gaulle in the fall of the fourth republic and the creation of the fifth. For my sources, I will evaluate Alistair Horne's A Savage War of Peace and Patricia Lorcin's Algeria & France, 1800-2000: Identity, Memory, …show more content…
However, the parliament depended on the alliance of the Tripartisme. The PCF refused to support the war in Indochina, and the SFIO supported the repression of the Madagascar insurrection. The members of the MRP were forbidden from joining de Gaulle’s new party, the Rally of the French People (RPF). With the May Crisis of 1957, Paul Ramadier, who led the SFIO, refused to let Communist ministers from participating in government, and the Tripartisme fell. This caused instability in the French Fourth Republic, because two of the most popular parties, the Gaullist RPF and the Communist PCF were on the opposite side. (Kesselman)
 Also, after the end of World War II, France wanted to reclaim its territories in the Indochina, and they sent troops to Java in September of 1945, declaring martial law. Fighting broke out between the Viet Minh and the French, beginning with Haiphong in 1946. The fighting continued until 1954, with the war becoming more and more unpopular with the French population. (Ross) The republic was very unstable, and there were fourteen prime ministers during the war, which made it difficult to fight the war with any consistent policy. The PCF promoted a strong anti-war movement, supported by many of the French intellectuals, such as Jean Paul Sartre. Eventually, the war was passed to the United States, but it was still used as propaganda for the Cold War. (Wall) 
 On 1 November 1954, All Saints Day, members of the FLN attacked various

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