The consumption of energy in our world is vital, especially in the economy. Although, the methods of obtaining energy is harmful in many ways. The worst of many ways are the release of greenhouse gases; these gases are dangerous to the environment, the health of human beings and animals. The causes of all the harmful effects are from Fossil Fuels. These fuels are made out of combinations of hydrogen and carbon atoms called hydrocarbons. Hydrocarbons come in plenty of forms- starting from the smallest molecules and smoothest liquids up till the largest molecules and the most viscous liquids. There are three types of hydrocarbons, alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes. Alkanes are hydrocarbons that consist of only single bonds, alkenes consists
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Wind power is an example of an alternative method which works by using wind turbines in a windy area. The movement of the turbines created by the wind can produce energy-required/electricity. The advantages of this method are that the materials required to build the wind mill isn’t expensive, the wind is free, and wind power gives minimal damage to the environment. The disadvantages are that the speed of the turbines are not constant (it depends on the wind energy) so the electricity supply is not definite, some pollutants are released in the production of the wind turbines, and also wind turbines are quite noisy.
The next alternative source of energy is through nuclear power. Energy is derived from this method by using a nuclear reactor such as uranium and making it create a nuclear fission. In order to have a nuclear fission, the atom of the uranium must split and thus energy is released. The energy released moves the turbines and creates energy. The advantages are firstly, when using a nuclear reactor such as Uranium as a source of energy, the energy created by the fission is 2000 times more than coal. Less pollution emitted by Uranium, rather than fossil fuels. Also, no greenhouse gases are released by the fission. There are also disadvantages of using nuclear power;