Essay on The Rise of Universities in Medieval Europe

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In the present modern day, and seemingly for an extensive period of time, society has tended and still does, hold a predisposed idea that a university is associated with a building and the location that it is in. What society does not realise however the fact that it is a place to study where the location does not matter because towards the end you still achieve the same degree as anyone else.
In early modern periodization, the medieval term for university was ‘studium generale’ meaning ‘school of universal learning’. The most common term used is ‘univerisitas’ meaning ‘the whole’ The Oxford dictionary defines it as “a high-level educational institution in which students study for degrees and academic research is done” These definitions
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This shows that the role of the state in regulating university life differed in the medieval times when compared to today.
During the 3rd Century, Plato had set up his own educational institute for young men in Greece focusing mainly on Philosophy which was discovered as the ‘first university’. However during the renaissance, the philosopher’s work had been lost. The re-emergence of classical Greek work in the 12th century was influential as it allowed Islamic scholars to introduce new ideas into university education. It seems more reasonable to derive the organisational pattern of the medieval university from the Islamic schools of learning. Makdisi (an Islamic scholar) concluded that “university is a twelfth century product of the Christian West of the twelfth century, not only in its organisation but also in the privileges and protection it received from Pope and King.”
The Crusades were “a series of military campaigns during the time of Medieval England against the Muslims of the Middle east” (History Learning Site, 2009, online). They had a major influence on Europe because at that time Europe was united under a powerful papacy and although it was exposed to the Islamic culture for centuries, much of the knowledge in subjects such as science, architecture, maths and also medicine was transferred from the Islamic to the western world during the crusade era. This enabled European Universities to provide

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