Supply disruptions, such as scheduled or unscheduled refinery maintenance, can slow or stops production of gasoline for a short time, which can prompt a bidding war for available supplies. Prices will remain high if the transportation system cannot support the flow of surplus from one region to another (“EIA Brochures”, 2004).
California consumes substantial amounts of gasoline – about 16 billion gallons per year. Crude oil, the primary component of gasoline, comes from within-state oil wells (42%), Alaska (22%), and foreign sources (36%). Nearly 90% of our gasoline is refined in state, but additional
quantities of gasoline and blending components are imported because refineries cannot keep with the growing demand. California is also isolated from other refining centers in the U.S. because the federal government as an air quality “non-attainment” area designates most of California. The gasoline in non-attainment areas must meet stringent air quality requirements to burn