Imagine a person goes to the doctor and finds out that he or she has inoperable or advanced stage cancer, AIDS or some debilitating disease like Lou Gehrig’s or Multiple Sclerosis. Death is an inescapable fact of life, but in scenarios with cancer, AIDS and other fatal diseases, it is closer and might be more painful than one hopes. Recent developments in Belgium pertaining to the legalization of euthanasia in terminally ill children , as well as the coverage of the case of French citizen Chantal Sebire, who was s suffering from esthesioneuroblastoma( a rare, incurable cancer of the nasal cavity which would progressively damage her brain and eventually kill her) remind us of the topic of euthanasia . Due to her condition CCC SS
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Generally it can be divided in two forms: active and passive. Termination of person’s life to alleviate their suffering and pain due to illness and suffering (active form). Also, it could be in a form of patient ceasing or refusing to take medical measures to prolong life (passive). Depending on individual’s consent euthanasia can be voluntary- done with person’s permission , and involuntary- done without wish or permission of the dying person. Sometimes active voluntary euthanasia is also called “physician assisted suicide” (4). The field of this paper is voluntary active euthanasia .
Many people wonder about how euthanasia can be justified ?Opponents of euthanasia use religion as one of the most persuasive forces that affects people’s choices. And the foundation for the religious counterarguments in the debate lies in the principle of sanctity of life. It is based on the proposition that human beings are created by God, therefore, human life is sacred. Following their reasoning , euthanasia is a direct violation of the principle of sanctity of life. However , if a person does not affiliate with any religion, “sanctity of life “ argument falls short because it reduces to the debate about faith in deity and its authority over the human life and death. When religious majority imposes their views and decisions on other groups in the society, it raises a question of