The Gothic Period in the twelfth century influenced the creation of Gothic Revival Architecture in the nineteenth century. Gothic architecture began in France in 1140. Some of the first buildings made using this style are the Basilica of Saint Denis and the Cathedral of Sens. (Gothic Architecture By Paul Frank) This style of architecture started losing popularity in the early sixteenth century, but did not die out completely during this time period. Gothic architecture was still predominantly in cathedrals and churches. The rise of Romanticism began in the eighteenth century–leading to an awareness and increased interest of the Middle Ages, specifically interest in church architecture.
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Attached to these columns are steeply pitched roofs. Bricks and stone were the favored materials when constructing Gothic Revival buildings. (http://www.portal.state.pa.us/portal/server.pt/community/late_victorian_period/2389/high_victorian_gothic_style/294719) These characteristics helped shape Gothic Revival Architecture and make it well known. Buildings with Gothic Revival Architecture have the most detail. Gothic Revival Architecture became well known because of how ornate its designs were.
Gothic Revival Architecture isn’t just known for its unique characteristics, it's also known for influencing many sub styles. One famous substyle of Gothic Revival Architecture is Polychrome Brick Gothic. Polychrome Brick Gothic was developed in Britain in the nineteenth century when it became popular to use multiple colors of bricks. (http://www.essential-humanities.net/western-art/architecture/neoclassical-romantic/) This means that people wove bricks on the side of buildings to make colorful patterns. Besides having all of the characteristics of the original Gothic Revival Architecture, Polychrome Brick Gothic also has its own set of characteristics. The main characteristic of this substyle is the linear decorative polychrome bands of brick. These decorative bands of bricks were also incorporated into chimneys. Another characteristic is masonry construction and pointed arch windows and doorways. Above these windows and doorways are steeply gabled