Essay on The Failures of the Southern Reconstruction Era

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Criterion A: Plan of Investigation (105) This paper plans to investigate how the failures of the Southern Reconstruction Era lead to the African American Civil Rights Movement in the mid-twentieth century. The utilization of various primary accounts such as that of Malcolm X, Martin Luther King, newspapers, and letters are crucial to evaluate the contribution Reconstructive failure made in regards to the demand for greater social equality in the 1900s. Additionally, examining the differences between Northern and Southern perspective during and after the Reconstruction era, as well as throughout the 1950s and 1960s will allow one to identify to what extent white American perspective expedited the African American Civil Rights Movement. …show more content…
Many African Americans were overjoyed at the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1875, which banned discrimination in hotels, restaurants, and railroad cars (Foner). The Compromise of 1877 marked the end of Congressional Reconstruction because the compromise called for the removal of all union army, who were the enforcers of Reconstruction, from the South. With no way to enforce the competencies of Congressional Reconstruction, the southern states reverted to segregation through the usage of various laws collectively known as the Jim Crow laws. In addition, the Civil Rights Act of 1875 was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in 1883With the Northerners lacking ambition to stop the nullification of the 13th and 14th amendments in the South, the blacks faced hardships such as unemployment, inability to vote due to poll taxes and grandfather clauses, and further segregation from judicial rulings such as “separate but equal” in Plessy v. Ferguson (1886) (Rivera). African Americans saw greater opportunities and equality during World War II due to the massive demand for labor in the time of total war. African Americans were extremely influential in the military and worked many factory jobs that aided production for the war cause. African Americans tasted equality during the 1940s, which is the same economic equality they sought for centuries in America. However, they were stripped of it following World War II as social

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