The Development of Ancient Medicine & Influences Essay

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Many different cultures have tried different methods as to find out about the causes of disease and how to treat different kinds of diseases. Various countries have come up with alternate cures and treatments for various diseases. These ancient societies compromise of China, Greece, Egypt and South America. They practiced a wide range of cures for their patients, and they specialize in different fields. For example, meditation and acupuncture were practices in China. Dissection, operations and drug therapy were also performed. But how did theses societies – who did not have as much technology as today – found out about the different illnesses and their cures? The western medicines usually compromise the use of folk remedies and prayers. …show more content…
He was also the founder and developer of physics, and considered the human being as an organic whole. Diseases were caused by something supernatural, for example, the will of a god. Therefore, one easy way of healing was to visit a temple. There was a legend about a doctor named Asclepius – who lived in about 1200BC – was so successful in curing the sick that he was now known as a god. People who were diseased slept at his temples, and he was said to cure them at night. Other prayer and magical rituals of healing includes the use of diet and mineral baths. By 400BC, their doctors began to use more practical means to cure illnesses. They healed wounds with alcohol. Herbal remedies were used. Also during this period, was the formation of the ‘the four humours’. Its formation was due to the belief that the world was made up of four elements – air, earth, fire and water. So, the human body was made up of the four humours known as – blood, phlegm, yellow bile (choler), and black bile (melancholy). Illness occurs when the four humours were out of balance. This lead to a practice of balancing the humours, by means of deliberate bloodletting, toileting, and vomiting. The Greeks were also believers of cleanliness. A Greek doctor named Diocles of Christos wrote in the fourth century BC: ‘everyday he should wash have and eyes and he should rub his teeth

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