The Benefits of Aerobic, Resistance and Balance Exercises in the Geriatric Population

2953 Words 12 Pages
Functionality means individual capabilities to carry out activities of daily life in a harmless and self-regulating way without being fatigue. Physical inactivity invites various problems in elderly individuals. The reasons of immobility in elderly people are poor health, hospitalization, and disability that reduce body’s muscle mass1. At the age of 50 years, minor reduction in muscle strength occurs and after the age of 65 years each decade it reduces 12% to 15% 2 .The study mentions that “Loss of muscle mass, particularly of fast-twitch or Type II fibers that accompany advanced age, is associated with muscle weakness, increased fatigability, and a loss of functional independency”1. Decreased muscle strength in elderly people which …show more content…
By the 2030, there will be 72.1 million older people which are twice than year of 2000.”5 Reasons are life expectancy and baby boomers. Elderly individuals fall frequently and that is the important matter to be considered. The CDC indicates that,” one in every three older adults age 65 or above falls every year”5. People who fall suffer from moderate injuries such as laceration, fractures to serious injuries such as traumatic brain injuries and death. Fall is the reason of death in elder population. A CDC mentions that “Around 21,700 older adults died due to fall injuries”5 Due to fall, people lose their confidence and afraid of falling again. Fall also affects their physical and social activities. The reasons of fall are improper balance, decreased muscle strength and flexibility. Elderly people live sedentary life that invites various physical problems. Older people are habitual to smoking and drinking habits that is the reason of various cardiac and pulmonary diseases. People who live isolated from their families and loved ones feel alone and depressed and that affects their social life. Aging is responsible for increased health care costs. “Healthcare costs will increase 25 percent by 2013 because of increased population of baby boomers”5. “Government spends $5000 per person suffering from chronic disease.”6“In 2005, 75% of the $2 trillion spent on

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