Supremacy of European Union Law Over National Law: The Factotame Case

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The establishment of the European Union gave birth to various institutions, which bring order and reform to member states. One of these institutions which is extremely important the European Court of Justice as it interprets the laws of the European Union and makes sure that all the laws are applied in the same with in all of the European Union countries. Aside from interpreting laws it also settles legal disputes between the European Union government and the various institutions in the European Union. The jurisdiction of the European Court of Justice encompasses: solving disputes from country to country and within an institution, individuals, companies or organization, if the European institution threatens rights. One such …show more content…
If there is a president, then there must be a vice – president. Aside from the President, the European Court of Justice also has a Vice President; the position was recently added to the court by many amendments to the Stature of Court of Justice in 2012. The primary responsibility of the Vice President is to assist the President in the performance of his duties, but also includes taking the place of the President when he is not available or the office is vacant instead of this to take the President’s place whenever the president is not available or the office of the president is vacant. The members of the court elect the Vice – President, for a three-year term, just like the president. When the court makes its decisions it upholds the treaties and makes sure that the European law is interpreted and applied in the same manner across the European Union. The court assures this implementation through various forms of legal action. There are many types of legal action such as: preliminary rulings, proceedings for failure to fulfill an obligation, proceeding for annulment. Preliminary rulings allow for one to avoid difference of interpretation of the European Union law by national courts. This allows for cooperation between the national court systems and the European Court of Justice. The proceeding for failure to fulfill an obligation allows for the commission of a member state to start proceedings at the European Court of Justice to force a member state

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