Lisbon Treaty Effectiveness

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The European Union has always been recognized as suffering from democratic deficit and the standard of the European Union has been a controversial issue since the early 1990s. Therefore, Lisbon Treaty was lately implemented in order to improve the Union’s democracy. However, it is arguable that whether the Lisbon Treaty is effective enough to tackle the problem of democracy, which will be discussed in the following. In this essay, I will first define what is ‘democratic deficit’ and show the historical development of Lisbon Treaty, hence talking about the significant changes and problems of it. Furthermore, I will make a comparison between the before and after implementation of the Treaty in order to check the effectiveness of such treaty. …show more content…
This word was defined as “gaping chasm at the center of the European Community, a black hole at the heart of the Community”, meaning that there is a transferal of powers from national parliaments to the European Community . But according to another academic concept, it is defined “fundamental political choices are not made by the body representing the people or through democratic participation of the citizens themselves” . Notwithstanding to different notion on ‘democratic deficit’, it shows the deficiency of the EU constitution in the France and Netherlands’ referendums.

Moving on to the Lisbon Treaty, it aims to “enhance the democratic legitimacy of the Union.” Although it enhanced the EU working efficiency after the significant development in Romania (2004) and Bulgaria (2007), there is a challenge for the 27 member states to cope with the current structure. However, it is important to note the key changes of the Lisbon Treaty, which is ensuring the EU institutional powers won’t be abused and make regular checks on operation the law making processes. By this, it can assure the working efficiency of the expanding
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Another function for the parliament is to make approval on the EU in alliance with the Council . For the European Council, despite the fact that it is not the main role without any new power, the Lisbon Treaty still recognizes it as an EU institution. After the Treaty was enforced, the European Council is directed by a president which can enhance the European Council’s role as an agenda-setter of the EU . Moving on to the Council of the EU, notwithstanding the alteration in regard to the majority voting and the making of decisions, they did not provide adequate and compelling remedies towards the control of the democratic decision making by a constitutional organ. Furthermore, it is important to know that only European Commission is capable to draft legislative proposals, which leads to a ‘democratic deficit’ problem towards the drafting as Lisbon Treaty did not propose any key alteration towards the ‘democratic deficit’ as to the Commission’s structure, functioning or powers

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