Principles Of Direct Effect In EU Law
Various articles in the Treaty on European Union emphasize the idea of the member states acting as a collective unit for the betterment of the European Community and the structure of the relationship between the union and its member states. However, the exact implementation of laws decided as a collective union and the consequences of not implementing European law on a national level is not explicitly stated in the treaties regarding the establishment and functioning of the European Union. The principle of direct effect rather evolved from individual circumstances where individuals or organizations implemented European Union law on a national level.
The judgement by the European Court of Justice on the Algemene Transporten Expeditie Onderneming van Gend en Loos v Nederlandse Administratie der Belastingen was one of the first steps in the …show more content…
However, like the issue of import tariffs in the Van Gend en Loos case, the legal implementation of the protection of these rights across all member states is not explicitly stated in the treaties. Therefore, cases like Reyners v Belgium have helped establish the legal obligations of member states regarding the individual rights stated in various