Sleep Disorders in Children with Cerebral Palsy Essay
In recent decades sleep duration has declined in children (Magee, Caputi, & Iverson, 2012), and as a result of which sleep problems in children are very common, 20% to 42% children are encountered with sleep problems (Bharti, Mehta, & Malhi, 2013). Sleep is one of the most important factors to consider in any of the disorder, since it promotes healthy neurophysiologic functioning, learning and memory (Heraghty, Hilliard, Henderson, & Fleming, 2008; Wayte, McCaughey, Holley, Annaz, & Hill, 2012) . Sleep is influenced and regulated by a combination of various factors, which include genetic, biological, environmental, and behavioral factors (Magee et al., 2012). Insufficient, inefficient sleep, in children not only predisposes …show more content…
Objective of the paper:
This paper is aimed to presenting the prevalence data for sleep problems in children with cerebral palsy from literature review, to understand the etiology of sleep problems and, relationship between sleep and pain. Another objective of this paper is to identify the evidence based non-pharmacological intervention and research gap from the review of literature.
Cerebral palsy is one of the most common disorders in children; 2 to 2.5 per 1000 live births suffer from cerebral palsy (m. m. s. Jan, 2006). Cerebral refers to the cerebrum and palsy means disorder in movements. In cerebral palsy therefore there are increased pyramidal and extra pyramidal movement abnormalities (Chambers, 2002). These upper motor neuron abnormalities contribute to musculoskeletal problems in children with cerebral palsy.
Cerebral palsy is characterized by an absence or delay in motor development, abnormal muscle tone, contractures, muscle tightness,