Sleep Disorders in Children with Cerebral Palsy Essay

2757 Words 12 Pages
INTRODUCTION
In recent decades sleep duration has declined in children (Magee, Caputi, & Iverson, 2012), and as a result of which sleep problems in children are very common, 20% to 42% children are encountered with sleep problems (Bharti, Mehta, & Malhi, 2013). Sleep is one of the most important factors to consider in any of the disorder, since it promotes healthy neurophysiologic functioning, learning and memory (Heraghty, Hilliard, Henderson, & Fleming, 2008; Wayte, McCaughey, Holley, Annaz, & Hill, 2012) . Sleep is influenced and regulated by a combination of various factors, which include genetic, biological, environmental, and behavioral factors (Magee et al., 2012). Insufficient, inefficient sleep, in children not only predisposes
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It is very important to consider the sleep problems in children with cerebral palsy because sufficient night time sleep is important for the healthy development of children (Magee et al., 2012). Sleep loss is known to result in increased irritability, depression, poor affect modulation, and aggressiveness. There is a lack of clinical and research emphasis on sleep issues in children with cerebral palsy (J. E. Jan et al., 2008), so this needs to be considered.

Objective of the paper:
This paper is aimed to presenting the prevalence data for sleep problems in children with cerebral palsy from literature review, to understand the etiology of sleep problems and, relationship between sleep and pain. Another objective of this paper is to identify the evidence based non-pharmacological intervention and research gap from the review of literature.

Prevalence data:
Cerebral palsy is one of the most common disorders in children; 2 to 2.5 per 1000 live births suffer from cerebral palsy (m. m. s. Jan, 2006). Cerebral refers to the cerebrum and palsy means disorder in movements. In cerebral palsy therefore there are increased pyramidal and extra pyramidal movement abnormalities (Chambers, 2002). These upper motor neuron abnormalities contribute to musculoskeletal problems in children with cerebral palsy.
Cerebral palsy is characterized by an absence or delay in motor development, abnormal muscle tone, contractures, muscle tightness,

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