Essay about Revivalism in Ninteenth Century America

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Revivalism in nineteenth century America was primarily driven by the establishment of churches with the separation of styles denoting religious denominations. In part to the nineteenth century picturesque movement, the gothic revival style soon became a movement of nationalism. Best known for his gothic revival churches, Richard Upjohn quickly became a leader in the picturesque style; particularly seen in his most notable work, the Trinity Church in New York City. Similarly, H.H. Richardson applied his own style toward his Trinity Church located in Boston.
Upjohn and Richardson were both influenced by the architectural styles that originated before them. These styles laid the foundation for their design aesthetics; as well as reasoning,
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W. N. Pugin who believed that true and honest materials would be the basis for this gothic style and that would portray a sense of stability, as well as truthfulness amongst the community in which it was located. Following this, Upjohn’s Trinity Church design most closely resemble the ideas of Pugin’s “Ideal Gothic Church”.
Upjohn’s schemes were of a "high church" style, much diverse than many of the simpler Protestant churches being established throughout Manhattan.The polychrome tile floor; intricately carved beams; and knee brackets witnessed on the interior, aided the light-colored French Caen stone-faced walls that outline the truss work above. The church’s exterior is made up of many small Gothic spires and one large one that ascends towards a height of 281 feet. While Upjohn vowed to use bronze front doors and intricate stained glass windows which tower over the chancel area depicting Jesus and his Apostles ; the colors of the church’s arranged exterior sandstone provide the only significant reference to any sort of ornamentation.
During the mid-19th century, the gothic revival was being used by high catholic churches to recreate the sense of individualism. Because of this, other denominations wanted to achieve the same effect which resulted in many Protestants viewing the gothic style as being too closely associated with Catholicism. As a result, American architects began to take notice of the Romanesque revival that began

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