In this paper, the author will delineate the characteristics between qualitative and quantitative research, as well as their methodologies. The purpose of this paper is to give the reader a brief glimpse behind each research approach, by determining the strengths and weaknesses of both. The terms “subjective” and “objective” will be viewed in accordance with each research paradigm by considering the role of the observer and addressing how the researcher conducts his or her analysis using these approaches. The author will also describe the preferred approach given to each modality and how each model can be utilized in a study of aggression.
Qualitative and Quantitative are two differentiated paradigms of research, which operate
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Researchers collect and study various empirical materials; case studies, direct observations, personal experiences, which describes the participant’s problematic and routine behavior in their daily lives (Denzien & Lincoln, 2008). The objective of qualitative research is to define certain aspects in phenomenology, with the intentions to clarify the subject in the research (Patton, 1990). It is a measurement requirement for research design and analysis and is more inductive (Denzien & Lincoln, 2000). In contrast, Qualitative approach is used when developing a theory and utilizes words, texts, through direct observation. There is more flexibility in research because it allows the researcher to interact more with the participants. Qualitative research is used in many disciplines including, history, philosophy, sociology, anthropology, and psychology. It is a subjective process and is based on problems found in research through in depth reasoning and solutions. Qualitative researchers are concerned primary with process rather than the outcome or product (Patton, 1990). The researcher is the primary instrument for data collection, and analysis, by using human instruments, rather than inventories, questionnaires, and machines (Firestone, 1987).
The reliability of qualitative research is a weakness because the process is under-standardized and is heavenly relied on insights and the abilities of the observer; however, making the initial