Essay on Problems Seen After Brown vs. Board

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The Downfall of Brown vs. Board

In Tony Freyer’s book, The Little Rock Crisis: A Constitutional Interpretation, he states, “…the most ambitious attempt in twentieth-century America to bring about social change through law was Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas” (4). The 1950’s and 1960’s was a time of great unrest in the United States of America. It was during this time that the largest civil rights movement in American history was taking place. Led by the NAACP, the movement began to make its way into the court room. The first major victory in the courtroom came with the ruling of Brown vs. Board of Education. Although it seemed to be an answer to the blacks’ problems, it was only the beginning of a long
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In Topeka, Kansas there were eighteen schools for whites and only four schools for blacks meaning that the black children often traveled past the white schools on their way to the black schools that they went to. A young Linda Brown walked over an hour away to go to a black school through dangerous train yards, while a white school was only seven blocks away. A class action lawsuit was filed in 1951 against the Board of Education of Topeka when the heads did not agree to integrate the schools. The group in Topeka had no idea that similar actions were being taken in Delaware, Virginia, South Carolina, and Washington D.C. After the court ruled in favor of the board of education, the groups from around the country united and presented their case to the U.S. Supreme Court in 1952 as Oliver L. Brown et. al. vs. The Board of Education of Topeka. Finally on May 17, 1954, at 12:52 p.m. the United Supreme Court finally ruled that Plessy vs. Ferguson was unconstitutional and ruled that schools were to be integrated (Background). The problem with the ruling is that it did not force integration but rather declared segregated schools unconstitutional. One year later, the Supreme Court created procedures under which school boards would desegregate their schools "with all deliberate speed" (Brown v. Board of Education). According to Julian Bond, chairman of the NAACP, when the ruling was made it was thought that within five years the schools would be

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