Introduction In today’s society there are more people being incarcerated in America than ever before.
“Today the U.S. incarceration rate is about seven times higher than the West European average and is approached only by rates in the penal systems”(WIlderman & Western, 2010, P. 2). Historically the prison has been viewed, as a place to incarcerate people who pose the greatest threat to society but with so many people being incarcerated is that really happening. More people have an increased risk of being incarcerated before the age of 35. Research that was completed by Bruce Western demonstrates that increased chance. Western estimates that white males born from1965 to 1969 will have a 2.9% chance of being incarcerated before the
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2). The rehabilitative approach believes that with an education program in the prisons to help to educate the inmates it helps to reduce recidivism. In the past, the government helped to provide financial assistance by allowing the inmates to apply for financial aid and receive a Pell Grant. The Pell Grant is a government funded program that helps to subsidize the cost of attending college to people who come from disadvantaged backgrounds. This program was offered to inmates as a way to allow inmates to gain skills that could be used to earn a living once they were out of prison. The government also saw it as a way of equalizing the population, so that people who were incarcerated and did not have an education could have equal access to education. The Pell grant was made available to inmates for inmates to apply to in 1965. Title IV made it so that inmates could apply and get financial aid but had to have a high school diploma. In the early 1980’s-1990’s changes began to occur to the Title IV bill that began to limit inmate’s ability to receive Pell Grants (Hooks, Mosher, Genter, Rotolo & Lobao, 2010, P.73). In 1994, a bill was introduced to congress and passed to ban the incarcerated populations from being able to receive the financial help, which the inmates would need in order to continue on with their education (Hooks, Mosher, Genter, Rotolo & Lobao, 2010, P.75) Inmates all over the country lost their ability to be able to receive an education while they were