Domestic violence is a global issue reaching across national boundaries as well as socio-economic, cultural, racial and class distinctions (Singh et al., 2010). It is a problem without frontiers. Not only is the problem widely dispersed geographically but its incidence is also extensive, making it a typical and accepted behavior (Kaur & Garg, 2008). However, this issue has only been a focus of concern and research within recent times. Domestic violence is not an isolated, individual event but rather a pattern of repeated behaviors that the abuser uses to gain power and control over the victim (Bragg, 2003). The difference with domestic violence as opposed to other types of violence is that the abuser continually attacks the same victim.
…show more content…
In some cases, the abuser may be female and the victim male. Domestic violence can occurs in any type of relationship. However, 95% of reported assaults are committed by men against women (Saltzman, 2003). In domestic violence, often the home is where the abuse occurs, therefore making it an unsafe place for the victim. Domestic violence is a widespread problem that can result in lasting injuries or even death. It is conduct that has devastating effects for individual victims, their children and their communities (Kaur & Garg, 2008). In addition to these immediate effects, there is growing evidence that violence within the "family becomes the breeding ground for other social problems such as substance abuse, juvenile delinquency, and violent crimes of all types” (Ganley, 2006).
Characterizing Domestic Violence Domestic violence is similar to other abuses such as child or elder abuse. However, domestic violence has a specific characteristic that makes it distinct from other types of abuse. It is a partnered relationship type of abuse where the partnership becomes distorted, violent, and controlling. The abuser and victim are not equal, with the abuser manipulating the victim through the use of violence and control. There are several forms of physical domestic violence including hitting, pushing and slapping. In more severe instances, weapons such as knives and guns are used to threaten or harm the victim. Other forms of domestic violence are physical