Essay about President Roosevelt and World History

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On December 8th, 1941, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt spoke to a joint session of the United States Congress, asking for a declaration of war against the Empire of Japan. The major cause of his speech was to condemn an unexpected attack from the Japanese on U.S. territory and let the world know that the United States had the necessary military to battle any nation. On December 7th, 1941, the Japanese military launched a surprise attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, resulted in 2,403 casualties and 539 wounded US citizens. It also destroyed 19 U.S. Navy Ships. The United States was a divided nation before the attack because many opposed entering the war after they suffered the …show more content…
In 1939 while campaigning for his reelection, President Roosevelt promised the nation that he was going to maintain the peace. On September 1st, 1939, Hitler invaded Poland, initiating the Second World War in Europe. Roosevelt indicated that, while the nation was neutral, he did not expect America to remain passive in the face of Nazi aggression. According to PBS, the President was privately preparing the country for war “Publicly, Roosevelt promised that America would not fight unless attacked. He condemned the fascists and suggested that the way to keep the peace was to create a strong national defense. Privately, he prepared America for battle” (PBS). On September 27th, 1940, Germany, Italy and Japan signed the Tripartite Pact. The Pact provided mutual assistance should any of the parties suffered an attack by any nation not already involved in the war. Consequently, when Japanese forces attacked the United States, Roosevelt had enough reasons to convince the country that war was crucial. President Roosevelt understood the importance of the speech he was about to proclaim. He was going to declare war not only to the Japanese nation, but to Germany and Italy too. His goal was to use a simplistic precise language with a powerful message to target the audience. The wording of the speech had to be strengthened to influence the congress and general population. Throughout the speech, the

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