Political Novels of The Jungle and Johnny Got His Gun Essay
Although writing has been around for thousands of years, the medium of books is a relatively recent phenomenon. In the mid 15th century, German Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press that made multiple, cheap copies of works that were easily available for the masses. With the help of other technological developments including the linotype in the mid-1880’s, the printing process became easier and faster and therefore books became cheaper and more available. Also in the mid-1880’s the development of public education increased the demand for books making them even more popular and ensuring them as a permanent form of media for the masses.
But most books …show more content…
Background behind Novel:
At the beginning of the 20th century, the United States was booming with a prospering economy thanks to the Industrial Revolution turning U.S. businesses into economic giants. But many people still suffered especially in the cities where immigrants came pouring in by the thousands looking for work. The jobs they found came with many risks because of the dangerous working conditions. Some people demanded a reform of business practices to protect the workers, but a large, active movement did not start until the muckrakers arrived on the scene reacting to this excess of the Gilded Age. The muckrakers were investigative reporters who specialized in exposing the injustices of the corrupt government and greedy big business.
In The Jungle, the muckraking Upton Sinclair exposed the unsanitary conditions and deceitful practices of the meat-packing industry. Writing for the socialist Appeal to Reason, Sinclair went to Chicago to examine these conditions in Chicago’s stockyards. He spent seven weeks in Packingtown living among the workers and closely observing the stockyards, slaughterhouses, and meatpacking plants. This expose, although influential and moving, is widely considered crude, literary garbage (Dickstein v). Realizing…