Essay Performance-enhancing Drugs and Steroids

3172 Words 13 Pages
Ever since Mark McGwire, a St. Louis Cardinals baseball player, broke the home run record of Roger Maris, a New York Yankee outfielder best known for hitting sixty-one home runs in 1961, the media has been frantic. This frenzy is not only about McGwire's accomplishment of hitting a Herculean seventy home runs but is about another subject, performance-enhancing drugs.

Mark McGwire is not only using creatine, but he is also taking androstenedione. Creatine is an amino acid that fuels muscle contraction and is produced in the liver, kidneys, and pancreas (Schrof 54). Androstenedione is produced in the body by the gonads and adrenal glands in small amounts. It is a sex steroid hormone that the body converts to testosterone, a natural
…show more content…
The other side believes that these drugs should be allowed because it is a fair advantage, there is no health risk involved, and that it is helpful to the athlete in that it increases recovery time and builds muscle. Coaches, athletes, and various medical professionals are divided on whether or not the use of such drugs should be allowed. Although arguments presented in articles by all sides use pathos, logos, and ethos effectively, the pro side focuses on logos while the con emphasizes pathos.

The title of Timothy Gower's article, "Eat powder! Build muscle! Burn calories!" is an example of pathos. It grabs the reader's attention with the words "Build muscle! Burn calories!" even before the article is read. It appeals to the interest and excitement of the audience and to a desire of everyone to have a better body. Liz Applegate (24) uses this same tactic in her article with the title "Looking For A Boost?" Using such titles, the reader inquires about the article and wants to do exactly what the titles claims. The interest of the reader climbs as he reads the first sentences of these two articles that say, "What if something came along that actually stood up to such claims" (Gower 113)? and "It'll make you fast. It'll make you lean. It'll make you strong" (Applegate

Related Documents