Organism Profile: The Northern White-tailed Deer Essay

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The Northern White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus) is one of the largest wild animals in the northeastern area of the United States. This species can be upwards of four feet tall and weigh over 300 pounds. Typically, this animal is found in forests, fields, and brush areas in the Northern region. In warmer months the White-tailed deer have a reddish brown coat with a white belly. In the winter months this deer’s coat changes to a gray-brown color. The male deer in this species are known as “bucks” and have antlers on their heads that can span upwards of three feet across. The female variety is known as “does” and the young deer are known as “fawns” both do not have horns. They typically are nocturnal and feed usually in the …show more content…
Generally, during the first breeding a female will produce one to two fawns, but may produce up to four fawns in subsequent years.
Fawns are born able to ambulate and nibble on vegetation only a few days after birth. Young deer are nursed for eight to ten weeks before they are fully weaned. Young females may follow their mother around for up to two years, but most males will often venture on their own after a year. The life span of a White-tailed deer is up to twenty years. The average life span is only two years and many parish before they reach the age of ten years. The White-tailed deer is an herbivore. This specie has a range of approximately one mile where it feeds. The diet of this specie varies depending on habitat and season. In the warmer months it eats green plants and in the colder months it eats corn, acorns, other nuts, or what it can to survive. The White-tailed deer does not have the ability to store extensive fat reserves. Food shortages in the winter months often contribute to malnutrition and starvation. When a deer is unable to sustain itself its’ body will self-absorb or thrive on internal tissues. The White-tailed is ruminant and has a four chamber stomach (Dewey, 2003). Their stomach easily digests vegetation, but has difficult time digesting cellulose. The digestive track of the deer contains bacteria and protozoa that break down and contribute to the digesting of food. The first two chambers of the deer’s

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