Occupational disease is defined as the disease that arises from the situations to which a specific type of worker is exposed, and the disease must be acquired as a natural incident of a particular occupation. Asbestos which was used extensively till the early 1980s across main industries is one such agent which can cause severe health hazards to the workers that are exposed to it. Although almost everyone is exposed to it; as it is present in low levels in air, water, and soil, the health effects are usually only seen in people exposed to it for a longer duration of time mainly at a job site (Asbestos Exposure and Cancer Risk).
Asbestos is a group of minerals occurring in the nature as thin, durable fibers that are resistant
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Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) issued a ban on the use of asbestos in gas fireplaces and wallboard patching compounds as asbestos is being released into the environment during their use. During the same time period, electric hair dryer manufacturers have stopped using asbestos in their products. In a major development to restrict the use of asbestos, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) banned all new uses of asbestos in 1989 although the uses developed before that were still permitted. This ban was later overturned by the courts, but the use of asbestos has been severely restricted due to health concerns. EPA also established strict regulations to inspect school buildings for the presence of damaged asbestos and issued guidelines either for its removal or encasement. In the subsequent years, EPA also issued guidelines to restrict asbestos use in crayons and vermiculite. These actions along with widespread public education about the harmful effects of asbestos on human health has caused a significant decrease in its use from about 800,000 metric tons in early 1970s to around 2400 metric tons in 2005 although they are found in many commercial and residential buildings posing a continued health risks to workers and others (Asbestos Exposure and Cancer Risk).
The health risks due to the use of asbestos come from breathing asbestos fibers that are released into the air during the use of asbestos containing