Essay about Modern Doemstic Design and Traditional German Architecture

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Heinrich Tessenow’s (1876 –1950) family house built in 1930’s in Germany consists of two floors and one basement, with a staircase that links all floors together as one. The house has one supporting pillar that is hidden away in the basement; the house comes with seven reasonable sized windows on all four walls of the building. The roof of the house is pitched up towards the sky, in the shape of a triangle on both sides of the building. The house is made of wood and bricks. (Fg.1)

The style and design of the house is classical and contemporary for its time. In terms that he uses traditional craftwork, for example wooden carved doors with the area around the entrance covered in wood including the triangular sides of the roof with the
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The second medium sized window faces north of the living room, lastly on the first floor the smallest window faces east from the kitchen. The second floor is divided into five different areas the stairwell, the 2 bedrooms, the storage rooms and the bathroom and toilet. The second floor also has two main sets of grouped windows; the west facing group of windows only consisting of three small narrow windows that are placed were the two bed rooms are. The second group of windows facing east consist of two small narrow windows that open from the kitchen and the other from the corridor near the stairwell. The layout of the house is very predictable for its period of time and country, majority of the houses followed the same traditional patterns of a kitchen and living room on the ground floor and bed rooms and bath rooms on the second floor. Tessenow’s layout and style demonstrates that he was a traditional architect, who built traditionally designed houses.

Tessenow was described by one of his students as a person with a preference for architecture that expresses national culture and simplified forms. What he understood by form and function was best captured in his well known saying that, “the simplest form is not always the best, but the best is always simple” Marvin J. Chomsky, (1982) Meaning, that he thought that the simplest form will give the best results, in terms of function. The form and construction of his family house was designed in a cuboid shaped

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