Outline: The Language Of Art And Architecture

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Chapter Two Outline
A. THE LANGUAGE OF ART AND ARCHITECTURE
I. The language of art and architecture is based on the formal elements and how those elements are presented.
II. The main elements of art are line, light and value, color, texture and pattern, shape, volume, along with much more.
III. Architecture also has a structural side, which is how buildings are constructed.
B. FORMAL ELEMENTS
I. The formal elements are the basics of what makes up art and architecture.
• Line:
I. In art, a line can have any dimension but the most critical one is length.
II. Actual lines are lines that you physically draw on something. They can be whatever you want them to be such as: straight, thin, curvy, etc.
III. Implied lines are a variety of actions/markings
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Scale is the thought of something being bigger or smaller compared to what we think is average.
• Emphasis:
I. Emphasis is the main focus of an artwork.
II. Accents are the details that are not the images main focus.
• Unity and Variety:
I. Unity refers to the idea of working together.
II. Variety refers to a difference in everything. There isn’t one thing alike.
D. STRUCTURAL SYSTEMS IN ARCHITECTURE
I. Structural systems are what helps keep the building intact and standing. There can be a wide variety of materials used to help with this process.
• Traditional Building Methods:
I. The materials used to build buildings and temples were made by whatever was locally available.
II. Colonnades are a row of pillars that help support a building.
III. Stone was heavy but brittle and wood was very durable. The downfall to using wood was that its appearance was as nice as stone and it could easily catch on fire.
IV. The roof and its style is the most important part of the structure for the Chinese.
V. Arches that are in a straight line are called an arcade.
• Recent Methods and Materials:
I. The structures and materials used in past centuries are different from today’s generations.
II. Steel frame construction made building taller buildings easier to

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