Essay on Malaria- Falciparum Malaria

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The most common strain of malaria, falciparum malaria, must be treated in the hospital since it is considered a medical emergency. The mode of treatment including the type of drugs administered depends on the severity of the disease and the place in which the malaria was contracted. The basic treatment for all strains of malaria (except falciparum) is normally chloroquine, which is administered for 3 days by mouth. Since most falciparum strains are resistant to chloroquine, a combination of tetracycline and quinine is normally used to treat them. Other treatments for falciparum malaria include clindamycin, Lariam, and sulfadoxone drugs (Tran, Odle, & Frey, 2004). In most cases, malaria patients receive antibiotics for a period of seven …show more content…
The first one, the pre-patent stage, is the period linking sporozoite inoculations and the manifestation of parasites in human blood. This is followed by the incubation stage, which is the period linking the sporozoite inoculations to the emergence of signs and symptoms. The next two levels include prodromal and paroxysmal stages (Steury, 2013). The signs and symptoms of malaria appear during the prodromal stage. This is characterized by the general flulike symptoms, which include low-grade fever, headache, anorexia, muscle pain, and nausea. The principal symptom of all strains of the disease is malaria ague, which includes chills and fever, and corresponds to the dawn of the new-fangled generation of the plasmodium. Most of the time, the fever comes in three phases, starting with irrepressible shivering for about an hour. This is then followed by a speedy rise in body temperature for about 3 to 6 hours, after which the victim begins to sweat copiously, which is aimed at bringing down the fever (Tran, Odle, & Frey, 2004). Apart from severe headache and nausea, other signs and symptoms that could be experienced are fatigue and vomiting. When the sweating goes down, exhaustion sets in and the patient may fall asleep for a long duration. Upon waking up from the long rest, the patient normally feels better; they may experience some fatigue although the exhibiting of cold/hot symptoms does not occur

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