Life As a Factory Worker During the Industrial Revolution Essay

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The factory system, that developed during the Industrial Revolution, had a large impact on society and the lifestyles of the citizens of England. Beginning in 1760, many people were forced move from their farms outside of the major cities to inside of the cities. The farm landowners closed off their land and they were no longer available to lease, which caused numerous workers to lose their jobs.The development of machines that were water powered, such as the spinning jenny and water frame, made the process of weaving and spinning cloth easier and faster. With these technologies, the textile industry flourished and factory owners became very wealthy by forcing workers to work long hours for low salaries. Their low wages did not afford them …show more content…
Hiring children and women was beneficial to factory owners because they did not get paid as much as men. Children were also smaller and took up less space. This meant that the factory floor would be less crowded and the small children could fit into small seams and cavities that older children could not. Workers, especially child workers, were often less experienced in this field of work because of their previous jobs farming. Lack of experience often lead to injuries such as when levers, gears, and rollers cut off part of a finger or even crushed hands, mangled arms, and in some cases killed their operators. Those who were skilled workers in the business of hand weaving or seamstry were often unemployed or underemployed. Their talents became less valuable to society because they could not compete with the efficiency of the new machines. It wasn’t until 1802 that any act was passed by Parliament specifically for the protection of child factory workers. Other acts were passed in 1819 and 1833 that were increasingly protective. The first significant change occurred in the Factory Act of 1833 said that the are to be no workers under the age of nine, children between the age of nine and thirteen can only work nine hours per day and children ages thirteen through eighteen can only work a maximum of twelve hours per day. The act also ensured that child workers could not work at night and got two hours of schooling per day. There were

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