Essay on Introduction and Rationale

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Introduction and Rationale Plagiarism is a commonplace concern in both academic and professional contexts. Media coverage in recent years provides examples of prominent writers (Jaquith, 2009; Marshall, 2009) and educators (Associated Press, 2009; Jaschik, 2009; Stripling, 2008) whose work has been accused of plagiarism. These reports are not kind to the accused plagiarists, and feedback from readers online suggests that the general public is likewise offended by plagiarist acts. It is evident that plagiarism is considered egregious behavior by the North American public. This societal aversion to plagiarism is especially strong in academic communities. For example, many English-medium universities have strict anti-plagiarism policies …show more content…
Because much of my university teaching has been with ESL students, I am particularly interested in studying how researchers, administrators, and instructors can help ESL students improve their writing so as to avoid the problems associated with plagiarism. The key, it seems, is to better understand what it means to develop advanced literacy – university-level reading and writing skills (Scarcella, 2002). The development of this advanced literacy construct is both a linguistic and a cultural journey: students must develop the receptive (reading) and productive (writing) language proficiency required to interpret and create academic papers, but they also need an understanding of the patterns and rules of research writing in English-medium universities as well as the ability to apply those standards to their own work. For my dissertation research, I would like to explore this issue of advanced literacy in English for Academic Purposes (EAP) students from three related perspectives: the language researcher, the program administrator, and the classroom teacher. The following three chapters outline proposed articles that examine EAP research writing from each of those perspectives. The first is a literature review article that synthesizes research about advanced literacy skills and asks the question “What is advanced literacy and how does it differ from basic reading and writing skills?” The

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