Having a Definite Answer to a Question Some questions do not have definite answers and are usually judgments of value. This means that they cannot be proved true or false, they include; religious judgments, aesthetic judgments and moral judgments. They aspire to be as definite as judgments of fact. However it is debatable as to whether them not having a definite answer makes them more or less important. We find that as we discover the answers to new scientific questions we can expand our knowledge. However it is the questions that we cannot answer that which are remembered most prominently in history and that inspire films and literature, for example what is beauty? This essay will discuss whether
…show more content…
Ayer1 said that because they are not logically consistent they are non-sensical and that all judgments of value are non-cognitive anti-realist, they are not based on logic and are not based on experience or apriori truths. Ayer believed that you cannot state a judgment of value as a fact. For example in saying ‘you were wrong for stealing the money.’ Ayer believed that all you could be saying was that ‘you stole the money’. The only difference between that and simply saying ‘you stole the money’ is the tone of voice you put in it. This would be you expressing your emotion toward the act. This theory is called emotivism and is by A.J. Ayer and C.L. Stevenson. The problem with this is that it means there is no room for a moral disagreement. If people disagree on the matter, they do not say that the act was right or wrong only that they did or did not like the fact that the person did something and therefore there can be no argument. The reason for this absence of a disagreement is that because there are no facts in judgments of value there cannot be any argument, as we can only argue over facts.
Many philosophers have tried to prove morals with reason, Nietzsche called this ironically ‘the science of morals.’2 One of these theories is deontological ethics by Immanuel Kant3. This is the idea that you should treat others as you wish to be treated. ‘Act so that