Fascism, Nazism and the Holocaust Essays

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Fascism, Nazism and the Holocaust: Autonomy and Responsibilty

During the period following World War I, the world was in a state of turmoil, politically and economically. Due to this tension, many people began to turn to radical groups throughout Europe. Citizens conceptualized their sense of rights and duties to the power of such leaders as Benito Mussolini in Italy and Adolf Hitler in Germany. During the time from 1919 to 1940, several events occurred that impacted the European citizens sense of autonomy and responsibility, including the introduction of fascism, the rise of the Nazi party, and the most dramatic and drastic, the Jewish Holocaust. All of these impacted citizens at the time, as well as impacted the future of their
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There was absolutely no sense of self-government or responsibility. However, due to Mussoliniís authoritative power, many citizens took to the concept of fascism as a way to rebuild their country.

Similar to Italy, Germany was also in a major state of turmoil during the time following World War I. Many of the citizens, especially the members of the German middle class were upset with the Treaty of Versailles that ended the Great War. The middle class felt that the social working class had betrayed Germany at the crucial time of need and German society quickly divided. Adolf Hitler saw this split in class and struggle throughout Germany as a way to slip into power. The middle class felt that they would rather see a dictator-like individual, such as Hitler take control, rather than the selfish socialists. Hitler and his Nazi party offered hope for possible solutions to class divisions. This rise of Nazi power impacted the rights of the citizens greatly. A description of the Nazi Program in 1920 demonstrates most easily the change in citizen rights, most specifically stating that citizens are only those of German blood and that Jewish people cannot be

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