What factors led to the Holocaust?
ELA/ History 8
Mr. Zussman/ Mrs. O’Connor
3/2/15 - 4/17/15
The Holocaust was an organized, systematic genocide of those Hitler and the Nazi Party considered “inferior." They included Jews, Roma, the disabled, homosexuals, Slavic peoples, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and political rivals of the Nazi’s. There were many events that led to the Holocaust. From 1914 to 1918, World War I raged throughout Europe. Fought in the trenches, the Allies, which included Britain, France, Russia, and the United States, battled the Central Powers, which consisted of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire. On November 11, 1918, Germany signed an armistice with the …show more content…
A year later in 1914, he was drafted into the German army in World War I. In the war, Hitler rose up to the rank of corporal and was wounded twice. On September 12, 1919, Hitler joined the German Workers’ Party, which later changed its name to the National Socialist German Workers’ Party. Two years later on July 29, 1921, Hitler became the party’s leader, now commonly known as the Nazi Party. During that same year, Ernst Rohm, a leader of the Nazis, set up the Sturmabteilung, or the SA. This private military group attacked other political enemies and terrorized civilians. From November 8 to November 9, 1923, Hitler and members of the Nazi Party attempted, but failed, to overthrow the government of Munich, known as the Beer Hall Putsch. Hitler and many other Nazi leaders were arrested and charged with high treason. During his time in prison, Hitler wrote his first volume of “Mein Kampf.” In his book, Hitler claimed that Germans, or Aryans, are the dominant race and that Jews are a “toxin” to German purity. A year after his imprisonment in 1925, Hitler organized the Schutzstaffel, or the SS, to guard him and other Nazi …show more content…
Because of the harshness of the Treaty of Versailles, the failures of the Weimar Republic, and the peoples’ suffering during the Great Depression, Hitler and the Nazi Party came into power. After he became the “Fuhrer”, or dictator, of Germany, he pursued the ethnic cleansing of the “Aryan race”. From 1933 to 1945, over 11,000,000 people were annihilated in the Holocaust. Six million of those murdered were Jewish. Although the Nazis focused on eliminating Jews, those who were killed included Roma, Slavs, Poles, Jehovah’s Witnesses, communists, political enemies, homosexuals, and disabled peoples. From 1945 to 1946, Nazi leaders responsible for the Holocaust were tried at the Nuremberg Trials for conducting crimes against humanity. By the end 1945, over 6,000,000 people throughout Europe were displaced; two hundred fifty thousand of them were Jewish Holocaust survivors. Thousands of Jews immigrated to other countries outside Europe, primarily to Palestine, which was considered the Jewish homeland. On November 29, 1947, the United Nations General Assembly voted in favor to create the Jewish state of Israel. A few months later on May 14, 1948 the state of Israel was