Facundo or Civilization and Barbarism by Domingo R. Sarmiento

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Facundo or Civilization and Barbarism by Domingo R. Sarmiento

"Facundo or, Civilization and Barbarism," by Domingo F. Sarmiento is a book which talks about the many topics of government and political situations in which Argentina was involved. Mary Mann is the translator of the book and the introduction is by Ilan Stavans. The time period the story takes place in is the nineteenth century, but the book was written in 1845. The geographic areas in which the events take place are Argentina,
Chile, and most of the southernmost part of South America, such as Uruguay and Paraguay. To add to the setting, the book talks about the terrain, which includes the Andes Mountains, the plains, and the forest. The principal characters in the
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To further explain whom the gauchos were, Sarmiento uses Facundo as his example. Facundo and Rosas are the type of people who Sarmiento is describing when he speaks of the gaucho of Argentina. Also, Sarmiento’s view of a better Argentina includes Democracy and freedom of ideas, something that is not being carried out by Rosas. In contrast, Rosas is attempting to keep dictatorship. As far as the religions of Argentina, there is not much mentioned in the book, but what is known is that many of the gauchos of Pampas were Jewish and that Catholicism was still the strongest religion in Argentina, as well as the rest of the New World. Economically speaking, Argentina depended very much on its agricultural richness. Many of Argentina’s people live and worked on pastures through out the land.

Taking a look at the Argentina culture you can is that it is diversified with the people from the cities to the people that lived in country. First, the cities were filled with churches, manufactories, shops, schools, and everything thing else that showed a civilized nation. The city people would wear European dresses, had a set form of government, and lived in a civilized manner. Beyond the cities were the people in the country, who had different ways of living than that of the people from the city. Country people would dress more common, in the South American style of dressing. In this country people hated the ways of the city people, and anyone who

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