Facing Rural Poverty in Namibia Essay

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Although, Namibia is classified as an upper-middle income country with a per capita gross national income of about $ 8500, according to the International Monetary Fund, it still faces many development challenges related and similar to those faced by less developed countries. While the country has recently gone through considerable economic increase , with a growth rate increase of 3.6 percent in 1993 to 12 percent , before declining gradually to 5 percent in 2004 ( with the exception of a contraction 1 , 1 percent in 2009 ) , currently the unemployment rate stood at 27.4 percent according to the Namibia Labour Force Survey.
Unemployment presents a stressed spatial and gender dimensions. It is higher in urban areas (28.3 percent) than
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Namibia is also highly dependent on areas based on the exploitation of natural resources sensitive to the effects of climate such as agriculture, aquaculture and tourism. In this context, in 2011, the government decided to give priority to long-term economic development and redirect a National Plan for Development towards High and Sustainable Growth, Creation of employee and Reducing Income Inequality.
Namibia enjoys a stable political environment in which elections are held every five years, which observers considered fairly reliable, although the last presidential election and the National Assembly, held in 2004 and 2009 , were challenged by the opposition parties. The electoral law, enacted in 1992, has been amended many times, which has led to inconsistencies in the law itself and has limited its effectiveness in addressing electoral disputes. Parliament performs its legislative and representative functions, but needs more support in the area of supervision. A systematic framework that addresses the issues related to human rights, as outlined in the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) of 2011 and the Namibian baseline study on human rights is required. In addition, the increased incidence and public perception of corrupt practices threaten good governance and undermines confidence in the management of public affairs.
While the country has

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