Existentialism in Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis Essay

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Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis is a masterfully written short story about Gregor Samsa, a man who devotes his life to his family and work, for nothing in return.  Only when he is transformed into a helpless beetle does he begin to develop a self-identity and understanding of the relationships around him.  The underlying theme of The Metamorphosis is an existential view that says any given choice will govern the later course of a person's life, and that the person has ultimate will over making choices.  In this case, Gregor?s lack of identity has caused him to be numb to everything around him.

 

    One morning, Gregor awakens to find himself with the body of a beetle.  Although it
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    According to Kafka and existentialism, people have both an individual side and a side with the commitment of society.  It is our choices that must be in moderation of the two, to maintain balance.  If a person chooses himself over society, he will loose the support of society; however, if a person chooses society, he will lose his individuality.  Gregor initially chooses society over himself, which in turn transformed him into the working drone he was.  After his physical transformation, he is forced reassert his focus to himself, and society abandons him.  Through Gregor?s plight, his family became

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