Existentialism In The Metamorphosis By Albert Camus

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Existentialism is a philosophy that the choices individual makes should be responsible for it and should accept their own act without consent of other people. Its beliefs are centred on the idea of finding the meaning of life through different choices and situations. In the view of existentialist, this world is meaningless and absurd. It is the way that let external factor affect us that determine who we are. As individuals we have freedom to make our own choices and that’s what life's all about. Along with the freedom of choice comes the responsibility of one’s actions which can make make people anxious but give others meaning of their lives. Existentialism came into existence during World War 2. Many authors like Franz Kafka and Albert …show more content…
The Stranger by Albert Camus is about a man named Meursault living in Algiers, who kills an Arab and is put on a trail for it. The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka is about a man named Gregor, who transformed into a vermin. Albert Camus and Franz Kafka through characterization, metaphor and imagery have evaluated existentialism and its principle such as meaningless of life, choices and commitment, death, absurdism and alienation. Both author determines the nature of human being and helps understand existentialism and its principle. Thus, existentialism not only lets the reader comprehend the philosophy better, but it also helps the readers overcome the anxiety and accept responsibility to meet the challenges of life and truly live it.

In The Stranger, Camus uses heat to characterize Meursault to present the principles of existentialism such as meaningless of life and choice and commitment. Every choices made has a consequences. When Meursault says, “ The sun was the same as it had been the day I’d buried Maman, and like then, my forehead especially
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He uses a metaphorical transformation to explain the themes of existentialism and its role in the human condition. In the starting of the novel, “When Gregor Samsa woke up one morning from unsettling dreams, he found himself changed in his bed into a monstrous vermin” (Kafka 1). It shows that Gregor change as it though it were an ordinary event, and it never raises the issue of how or why Gregor undergoes his transformation, implying that the change has occurred without any particular cause or for any particular reason.When Gregor finds out that he has transformed into an insect, he does not panic about the absurd reality of his new physical state. Instead, his first worry is how he will go to work and support his family, which was the primary purpose in his life. The transformation reveals that he probably felt alienated already as a human being because of the responsibility to support his family and his job as a salesman since he could not have close relationships, and lived a meaningless life that lacked essence and felt like a bug in his normal life, because he only existed, he did not have any essence. Thus, the opening lines also exemplifies the idea of absurdism, which asserts that humans exist in an irrational universe beyond our full understanding. Gregor chooses to do meaningless work he hates in order to care for his family and, by

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