The Theme Of Transformation In The Metamorphosis By Franz Kafka

859 Words 4 Pages
In The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka, the protagonist, Gregor Samsa, goes through a change that gives him a new perspective. His metamorphosis causes not only a physical but a psychological transformation within Gregor. This transformation is not exclusive to Gregor, but is also prevalent within the entire Samsa family.
Gregor’s metamorphosis was sudden and unexpected. “When Gregor Samsa woke up one morning from unsettling dreams, he found himself changed in his bed into a monstrous vermin” (4). Before this change Gregor worked as a traveling salesman to provide for his family as they were in debt. Since Gregor’s repulsive form made him unable to work, his father had to pick up the slack and find employment. This seemed to make him resentful
…show more content…
It is his sister, Grete’s idea to move all of the furniture out of his room. This will allow him more room to scurry without leaving residue behind. Even though Gregor appreciated the extra room, he was worried that he was losing any tie to his human self he had left. In an effort to save his morality Gregor crawled onto the wall to protect the first thing he could think of, a picture frame on the wall of a lady all dressed up in fur, so his family would not take it away. When his mother entered the room and saw him there, she did not see her son but a vermin monster. “‘Oh, God, Oh, God!’ ;and as if giving up completely, she fell with outstretched arms across the couch and did not stir” (34). It his clear that his family is viewing him as more of an insect than the man he once was.
By the end of the second chapter their family dynamic has evolved completely.
Two siblings that once cared deeply for each other no longer felt the same. Grete now sees taking care of Gregor as an unfortunate chore rather than a loving act toward her brother and Gregor sees her as an invader to his private space. Gregor’s father
…show more content…
Of course I won’t pay a cent for the days I have been living here, either; on the contrary, I shall consider some sort of action against you with the claims that-- believe me-- will be easy to substantiate’” (48).
After this incident Grete announces to the family that this “monster” is no longer her brother and is causing too much trouble. “‘We have to try to get rid of it’” (48), she concludes and her father quickly agrees. After overhearing this conversation Gregor decides that it is in his family’s very best interest that he should disappear. This decision was irrelevant as he passed away by the next morning.
Gregor Samsa’s metamorphosis was a huge changing point in his and his family’s life. Each family members role transformed and they were all forced to take on new responsibilities. Succeeding Gregor’s sudden death, the Samsa’s took the day off to relax and go to the countryside. On the trolley ride there they realized that their financial situation was not as bad as they had assumed and unanimously agreed to move to a smaller, cheaper apartment. This fictional story shows the disconnect that can occur from the mind and the body, it also proves the limits of sympathy that can occur even within an immediate

Related Documents