Erik Erikson’s Ego Theory vs. Bandura’s Social Learning Theory

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Throughout time, many psychologists have had their own views about different theories. Theories direct and guide our perception of thinking. The similarities and differences can be broken down through different forms of development by Erik Erikson, Sigmund Freud, and Albert Bandura. Sigmund Freud emphasized the influence of the id, believing that the ego acts only out of borrowed energy and acts best as a commander. Sigmund Freud perceived aggression as a universal human behavior. According to Freud, we, humans are unaware of its presence because we are suppressed by the superego. In Erikson’s theory, he explains how the ego is the part of the mind that gives coherence to experiences, conscious or unconscious. Erikson agreed with Freud …show more content…
In the process of becoming an American citizen, he decided to add a surname and assume the identity of Erik Homburger Erikson. While on a quest of finding his professional identity in Vienna, Erikson was asked by Sigmund Freud’s daughter, Anna Freud, if he was interested in beginning an analysis with her and becoming a child analyst. Throughout the next few years, Erikson established himself as a key theorist in psychoanalysis. Erikson extended Freud’s psychoanalytic theory in four main ways. First, Erikson increased our understanding of the ego, showing how it is a creative problem solver that emerges out of the genetic, cultural, and historical context of each individual(Engler, 153). Second, Erikson reiterated Freud’s stages of development, making it into a social dimension more than anything else. He extended our concept of development to embrace the entire life span, from infancy to old age. Lastly, he explored the impact of culture, society, and history on the developing personality. He explored how the ego strength of certain individuals is able to transform the conflicts that inhibit others so that they become leaders who make an impression. On the other hand, we see that Albert Bandura discovered a different approach to Erikson’s psychohistory. Albert Bandura was born on December 4, 1925, in a small town in Alberta, Canada, called Mundare. In contrast to Erikson, Bandura was

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