Essay on Dyxlexia and Comorbidity

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Dr. W. Pringle-Morgan originally described dyslexia as “congenital word blindness,” in that he had a patient who was normal in all learning aspects other than his pronounced inability to read (Morgan, 1896). In order to test the severity of the child’s deficiency, Dr. Morgan devised a simple test to determine reading/writing capabilities in the patient, noting from his results that the patient was incapable of writing words exactly as they were spoken, as well as not being able to recognize all but the simplest words from a text. Other skills tested (arithmetic and algebra) fell within acceptable ranges of capability, and no other obvious deficiencies or defects were present. It was speculated that the child suffered a congenital …show more content…
Children with dyslexia become adults with dyslexia, which means negative experiences with dyslexia as a child can have some lingering effects in the adult with dyslexia. Distinguishing the social and emotional impact of dyslexic from other learning disorders is difficult, as most research studies tend to lump all learning disorders together. Nalavany, Carawan and Rennick (2011) constructed a concept map to assist in evaluating the effects of dyslexia on psychosocial experiences in adults. Statements for the concept map were generated through a series of extensive interviews of dyslexic individuals who were asked to share their emotional, social, and behavioral experiences with dyslexia from childhood to adulthood. The interviews were then reviewed for statements that represented any impact that dyslexia might have had on the individual. These statements were distributed to another series of study participants who were asked to sort the cards into stacks based on “relatedness” of the statements to each other, and finally, the participants were asked to give each stack of cards a characteristic phrase that represented the sentiments of the statements contained within the stack. This method allowed the researchers to identify nine categories of experiences associated with dyslexic

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