Dr.Jekyll as a Victim of His Times Essay

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Dr.Jekyll as a Victim of His Times

In this book Stevenson contemplates certain ideas about man's nature including the double-sided personality, which all humans seem to have. Charles Darwin had published his book "The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection" in 1859.Darwin's theories were highly controversial at the time and the idea that men were descended from apes was particularly opposed by the church and large sections of Victorian society. Stevenson wanted to illustrate the dual nature of man, rational being and the more uncontrollable savage side. He also sought to show how people tried to hide the more animalistic side of their nature in the fairly restricted Victorian society.
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Dr. Lanyon also has his faults and a certain amount of dual nature much the same as Gabriel Utterson. He is a traditional scientist with a very orthodox approach to Science. He has a carefully established sense of order and reason. He sees Jekyll's approach to science as unorthodox and "too fanciful". Their difference in opinion on science is, in fact, why they have fallen out.

We are later introduced into a new motif, a secret motif. When Utterson gets home he opens, "his safe, took from the most private part of it a document endorsed on the envelope as Dr. Jekyll's Will", there is a particular emphasis on the "most private part". This is the first example of this motif. In the Will we are told how all Jekyll's money and possessions are to be left to the apparently evil Mr. Hyde. In the Will Dr. Jekyll says that hi possessions are to be left to his "friend and benefactor Edward Hyde", this is rather strange calling Mr. Hyde his friend when he is apparently so evil. The other strange thing about the Will is that it says that if Dr. Jekyll should disappear for more than 3 months then all the possessions and money should be given to Mr. Hyde. Utterson can't come to any other conclusion to these mysteries than blackmail. So he leaves to go and see his good friend Dr. Hastie Lanyon. Lanyon is like Utterson upright and upholds the morals

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