Development of Friendship Between Roommates
The study of relationship and friendship development has become a very popular subject for social psychologists in the past twenty years or more. Social exchange processes, equity, similarity and self-disclosure (which was constructed by social penetration theorists Irwin Altman and Dalmas Taylor), are presupposed to be the main route to relationship and friendship development.
According to the article "Development of Friendship Between
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One standard represents the level of outcomes partcipants feel they should be receiving in the relationship based on their past experiences. A second standard, represents the level of outcomes which may provide a more suitable alternative relationship in comparison to the present one. If a person's outcomes exceed those of past experiences, they will find the present relationship pleasurable. On the other hand if the outcomes exceed those of the alternative relationships, one will find the relationship to be stable.
Research that links attraction with disclosure is mixed. Some studies have shown that an increase in self-disclosure from one to another can result in an increase in liking for that person. Other studies have found that too much self-disclosure too early in a relationship has negative outcomes on attraction.
Berg conducted a study that examined the joint effects of social exchange processes in coordinance with the processes of social penetration. This study was constructed to discover satisfaction with a relationship/friendship of previously unacquainted roommates in a residence hall at UCLA. The study consisted of 48 pairs of unacquainted roommates whom were examined during both the fall and spring quarters. Through the study, the differences of all of the groups may be due to the fact that time is a crucial factor required for one's roommate to learn about the other. This process would