Essay Designing Project on Diabetes Education
Diabetes mellitus was once considered disease, which had a minor impact on world health. However, it has now taken its place as a serious threat to human health here in the 21st century. This epidemic has occurred due to both human behavior and lifestyle changes over the past century. Obesity, poor or sedentary life style, high intake of diet that consists of carbohydrate and fat, daily consumption of alcohol are the major contributing factor for a high rate of type 2 diabetes mellitus. There was an estimated 150 to 220 million who had diabetes worldwide in 2010. This figure will increases to 300 million by 2025 (Zimmet, Alberti, & Shaw, 2001, pp. 782-784). As of February 2014, statistical data shows there …show more content…
Review of the literature
The first type of diabetes mellitus is insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, which is used to be known as juvenile-onset diabetes. This is caused by an autoimmune reaction .The exact reason why auto immune reaction occurs in the bodyis still not understood. The disease may develop in individuals of any age, but usually in young adults and children. Those who have type I diabetes must monitor their blood sugar level in daily bases andreceive daily insulin injections. If these individuals not access insulin or controlling the blood sugar amount, it will eventually lead to death (International Federation of Diabetes, 2014).
The other forms of diabetes mellitus are Type II diabetes or insulin resistance. From the other categories of diabetes mellitus this is more commonly occurs in high proportion which accounts approximately 91% of all other forms of diabetes mellitus and the condition can be