Children: Psychological and Social Development Essay

1676 Words 7 Pages
Question Two:
It is essential for children to have healthy psychological development, and this can be affected by many situations. At home, children are affected by their family dynamics, various parenting styles, and sibling relationships. Their peer relationships, friendships, popularity, and even social networks also impact their psychological development. In order for them to have a strong psychological development they often need to have created healthy relationships with both members of their family and their peers (Siegler, DeLoache, & Eisenberg, 2011).
Families contribute to children’s psychological development every day. One way is the dynamics of the family, or how they work together as a unit. The other members of a child’s
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Children, especially younger, can sometimes spend more time with their siblings than any other children. As children age they will experience a change in who their friends are and their parental relationships but siblings tend to be a constant factor during psychological development (Siegler, et al., 2011). The peer relationships children have also contribute to their psychological development in many ways. The relationships that children develop with one another can be both beneficial and detrimental to their psychological development. Friendships can be beneficial because they provide support, validation, and can help to develop necessary social and cognitive skills. On the other hand, being perceived as unpopular, being bullied, and having friends with questionable values can harm a child’s psychological development (Siegler, et al., 2011). Children who are perceived by others as unpopular are more likely to be bullied by their peers (Lease, Kennedy, & Axelrod, 2002). Friends often provide emotional support and a feeling of self-worth, which can often work to protect children from the affects of bullying. But the feeling of being unaccepted by their peers and not having friends, or a social support system to lean on, can create psychological problems for children (Siegler, et al., 2011). The modern, technological age we live in today can also effect children’s

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