Cavour's Diplomacy and Garibaldi's Ideas and Italian Unification

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Cavour's Diplomacy and Garibaldi's Ideas and Italian Unification

The historical view of Italian Unification like other revolutionary processes of the nineteenth century has become a mix of both exaggerated myth and fact. With hindsight historians can now detach themselves sufficiently from events to distinguish, objectively which figures in the Risorgimento allowed it to result in the United Kingdom of Italy in 1870. Any historical movement is a culmination of events and combination of different figures. Both Giuseppe Garibaldi and Count Camillo Benso di Cavour emerge as leading figures in the movement. Garibaldi is celebrated as a hero, a natural leader and military genius who inspired men to
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He inspired the masses through his adventures like no other revolutionary nationalist had done previously. For example, the peasants were touched by the legend of Garibaldi's wife Anita being killed in combat. The following quotation from an 1860 article in The Times illustrates Garibaldi's public popularity:

'I can positively assure you…that men of all classes, of all ages, of all parties, have only one business, have only one object…to help Garibaldi '[2]

It is important to note that the public at this time held Garibaldi in high regard so there was likely to be an unwillingness amongst journalists to offend public opinion, which would have stifled open criticism[3]. Another point to acknowledge when considering this source was that it was a British newspaper and Garibaldi was loved, in Britain nearly as greatly as in his native Italy[4]

Nonetheless, Garibaldi became the vital link between the masses and the politicians, with his legendary adventures making him a focal point for patriotic nationalist sentiment. This was partly because Garibaldi could win around political figures, for example when in June 1849 he entered the Triumvirate Assembly with a bent sword, as a symbol of the combat he had been involved in, he was made dictator of the Roman Republic. Although, throughout the Risorgimento it is Cavour who

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